Reading and Thinking

U.S.: Eigth-grade history and civics scores drop

1) Donna St. George, “Students’ understanding of history and civics is worsening,” Washington Post, May 3, 2023 (12:00 a.m. EDT);

2) Danielle Allen, “We hit rock bottom on civics education. Can we turn it around?” Washington Post, May 23, 2023 (6:15 a.m. EDT);

By James Rowles

James Rowles is a writer, teacher, international lawyer, and international development expert.

He is particularly interested in the Epistemology of Truth, and how mass propaganda, social media, and other phenomena shape the nature of consciousness and the ascertainment of facts in the world today.

James holds an undergraduate degree in History (Modern Europe) and law degrees from Stanford University, and a Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.) in International Law from Harvard Law School, where he has also taught as a Lecturer on Law.

James is a polyglot, who speaks fluent French, German, Portuguese, and Spanish, and also knows other languages. His regular if not daily reading includes U.S. newspapers, the Guardian, die Welt, Le Monde, El País, and Veja.

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